HGE or HEMORRHAGIC GASTROENTERITIS**--- is particularly dangerous to the toy and smaller breed dogs, although dogs of all ages and breeds can be affected by it. Fever is not usually present in HGE. Signs of HGE usually begin with a very sudden onset of acute vomiting, anorexia, followed by severe bloody diarrhea, dehydration and depression, They progress rapidly, become severe within hours ( usually 8 to 12). The blood may be bright red (fresh blood) or dark (digested blood).
The symptoms start with vomiting, lethargy, refusing to eat, and progress to mucous covered stools, loose stools, severe diarrhea and bloody diarrhea. Dogs affected by this condition get very sick, very fast. Any kind of bacterial diarrhea can quickly dehydrate a dog, and the tinies are at greater risk, as they have little weight to lose before they are dehydrated and need IV rehydration.
Your dog can get infected anywhere. Then it can be from 2-10 days after exposure, that your dog can come down with this problem. Just as there are no specific tests for HGE, there is no established cause for the illness.
HGE is most common in toy and miniature breeds of dogs, ages 2 to 4, but can affect any breed, gender and age. The blood count of affected dogs is frequently characterized by an elevated red blood cell count. Most normal dogs have red blood cell counts of 37-55%, while dogs with HGE may have red blood cell counts well above 60%. The elevated red blood cell count provides the veterinarian with an important clue that the dog may have HGE.
Since the cause of HGE is not completely understood, at present no known preventive measures exist
DO NOT waste time, especially with the tiny toy dogs , as they do not have the spare fluids to lose thru diarrhea, especially bloody diarrhea.
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