| It is commonly mistaken for Parvovirus, but needs different treatment. It's a BACTERIAL
imbalance in the digestive tract. It is a disease that produces
acute infectious diarrhea in puppies and kittens. This is NOT a new form of Parvo.
Parvo tests will show a LOW positive & subsequent tests will
continue to show low positives, will be inconclusive, or will give
erratic results. This disease is so similar to Parvo, that some dogs
have tested in the low positive for Parvo. But they do not have
Parvo, and it has been recommended that three parvo tests
are needed to exclude Parvo.
Mode of infection is varied, but mostly from contact with urine,
feces, or something brought in on shoes, etc. It is also acquired by
contact with contaminated food, water or, raw meat (poultry,
beef). Symptoms usually start 12-48 hrs
after initial contact & spread to susceptible dogs rapidly (young or
weaker dogs). Signs of acute infection include vomiting and a
watery, mucus, and sometimes bloody diarrhea. Pups have a difficult time surviving, but if caught quick enough
(before anorexia), no one dies. Death occurs because of dehydration.
Some dogs get better without treatment. Humans can contact this
disease from animals. The incubation period is one to seven days.
The disease usually runs its course in five to fifteen days.
Antibiotics may be advisable.
This disease can be tested for specifically, so if you have an
affected dog that appears to have Parvo, but in your mind know that,
that could not be possible, have them tested for "Camby".
It is important to note that this disease can be transferred between
humans, dogs, cats and other livestock. It starts with fecal mucus sheath & continues to get progressively softer until it is
watery and contains blood. It then becomes explosive. Vomiting may accompany
and may or may not also contain blood. Feces have a sweet/flowery
aroma along with a "slaughterhouse on a summer day" smell
(similar to parvo diarrhea but with a floral hint). Feces are usually
mustard colored. Dogs dehydrate at an astounding rate.
Dogs are also at risk of intussusception .
Do NOT automatically assume Parvo when you see this. Parvo
killed the majority of Campylobacteriosis dogs.
What is happening is that there is a bacterial growth in the
digestive tract which throws it off balance. The body is trying to counteract this
by removing the extra (or offending) bacteria. It seems to do this by
trying to remove ALL body fluids as quickly as possible. Death is caused by
massive dehydration. From the 1st signs of symptoms, death can be as short
as 12 hrs, or as long as 7 days. The younger the dog, the worse it is. The
key is to treat this as fast as possible before the dogs go anorexic
AND to treat ALL dogs on the premises (erythromycin
is the treatment of choice).
After the diarrhea has stopped, you can cram the dog as full of
fluids as you want, just not when it is at its most fragile point. You don't
want to shock an already shocked system. Also, DO NOT
flea-dip/worm/vaccinate at this time, PLEASE!!!!! Anorexic
dogs have to be tempted to eat again. Rare, bloody, slightly
garlicky & slightly salty beef has worked the best in the past
for getting the appetites working. Start small. You may have to give
anorexic dogs Nutri-Cal to get them going again. But after they are
cured they WILL begin to eat again.
compiled from "The dog owner's home veterinary handbook" and
"The 5-minute veterinary consult"